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World Languages

Courses in the world languages develop all the basic skills – listening, speaking, reading, writing and punctuation. They provide students with an understanding and appreciation of a culture other than their own. The language being studied is used in the classroom from the onset. Students acquire a working knowledge of essential grammatical structures and learn to speak and understand the language. Accurate and effective writing is a major goal, and serious full-length works are read beginning in the third year. Entering students may wish to continue studying a language begun at their previous schools. Placement test scores will help determine the appropriate language level. Other students may begin a new language at this point in their education. To meet graduation requirements, students must complete the sequential study of one language with a minimum of two years.
 

Course Descriptions

Spanish 1 CP (1 year/1.0 unit)

Students with little or no previous exposure to Spanish are introduced to the basic elements of the language and to the cultures of the Spanish-speaking world. Emphasis is on basic language skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing. The ability to communicate in the present tense through simple written and spoken Spanish is promoted through a variety of materials and activities.
 
Prerequisite: None

Spanish 2 CP (1 year/1.0 unit)

Students continue to study grammar and vocabulary, and emphasis is placed on written and oral expression in the past tense using correct sentence structure. A study of the culture continues while students build the four language skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing.
 
Prerequisite: Spanish 1

Spanish 3 CP/Honors (1 year/1.0 unit)

This course is an intermediate-level Spanish course designed to review grammar at a quick pace with an emphasis on the more complex grammatical structures. It assumes that the student has already undergone a thorough study of certain basic grammar and vocabulary, and has demonstrated a natural ability for the language. Students must know, for example, the forms and uses of the present and past tenses. The objective of the course is not only to review and build upon grammar and vocabulary, but also to guide students in incorporating more idiomatic structures of the language into their speech and writing and to delve deeper into current issues facing several Latin American countries. They will also continue to cultivate the ability to understand the target language at a normal pace and to read effectively examples of literary and cultural tests: newspapers, short stories, and realistic fiction.
 
Prerequisite: Spanish 2 and departmental approval

Spanish 4 Honors (1 year/1.0 unit)

This is an accelerated Spanish course designed to strengthen further the language skills acquired through the intermediate levels of Spanish. All four language skills (speaking, writing, reading and listening) are rigorously trained through a full range of engaging and interactive activities. Basic grammar is reviewed to a degree, but there is a special emphasis on the more complex structures of the language. The development of topic vocabulary continues, but the course also ushers students into a more expansive acquisition of idiomatic expressions. Moreover, the course has a clearly defined cultural component, with an eye toward the AP Spanish Language and Culture course. Students study a good selection of cultural readings and do written and oral cultural comparisons in which they juxtapose particular cultural products, perspectives and practices of the Spanish-speaking world with those of the U.S. The course is conducted entirely in Spanish, and students are required to communicate in the target language exclusively. Spanish 4 Honors serves as a pre-AP course for qualified students from the Spanish 3 regular course or any Spanish 3 honors students needing an additional year of linguistic fortification.
 
Prerequisite: Spanish 3 Honors or Spanish 3 with departmental approval

AP Spanish Language and Culture (1 year/1.0 unit)

This intensive course is designed to prepare students for the AP Spanish Language examination. It focuses on strengthening all four language skills, according to the AP guidelines. Supplemental reading, writing and speaking activities will also be included. All students are expected to take the AP Spanish Language examination in the spring.
 
Prerequisite: Spanish 3 Honors or Spanish 4: Advanced Conversation and Composition, and departmental approval

French 1 CP (1 year/1.0 unit)

Students with little or no previous exposure to French are introduced to the basic elements of the language and to the culture of the French-speaking world. Emphasis is on basic language skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing. The ability to communicate in simple written and spoken French is promoted through a variety of materials and activities.
 
Prerequisite: None

French 2 CP (1 year/1.0 unit)

Students continue to study grammar and vocabulary, and emphasis is placed on written and oral expression, using correct sentence structure. A study of the culture continues while students build the four language skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing.
 
Prerequisite: French 1

French 3 CP/Honors (1 year/1.0 unit)

This course completes a review of the more complex aspects of French grammar. Active vocabulary and proficiency in listening, speaking and writing are developed through discussion, written exercises, compositions, and the reading of plays and short stories.
 
Prerequisite: French 2 and departmental approval

AP French Language and Culture (1 year/1.0 unit)

This intensive course is designed to prepare students for the Advanced Placement French Language examination. It focuses on strengthening all four language skills, according to the AP® guidelines. Readings and conversations on topics of current interest are used to advance the acquisition of vocabulary. The class is expected to take the AP® French Language examination in the spring.
 
Prerequisite: Juniors or seniors must have completed French 3 Honors and have departmental approval

Latin 1 CP (1 year/1.0 unit)

The major objective of the course is to develop the ability to read and comprehend continuous Latin. In order to do that, students will need to know and understand the vocabulary, forms, functions and syntax of the language. Another objective is to know the words in Latin from which English, Spanish, French and Italian words are derived and how their spellings and meanings evolved. In addition, students will learn about Roman and Greek history and mythology and gain command of Latin expressions and mottoes that are current in modern English.
 
Prerequisite: None

Latin 2 CP (1 year/1.0 unit)

After a thorough review of first-year material, students will continue the study of more advanced grammar and syntax of Latin. Study of derivatives, mottoes and expressions, history, culture and art continues, but with an emphasis on items pertinent to the readings. Students will continue to develop their ability to read and understand the Latin language.
 
Prerequisite: Latin 1

Latin 3 CP/Honors (1 year/1.0 unit)

Students will continue working with previously learned grammar and syntax and are introduced to advanced language skills appropriate to course readings. This section of the course leads students from adapted texts to unadapted texts. The major concepts introduced and consolidated include recognizing how to deal with indirect discourse, including active and passive perfect infinitives, future infinitives, the use of the supine, a review of verbs in the subjunctive mood, gerunds and gerundives. Original unadapted Latin text is gradually included with the adapted, including epigrams of Martial, selections from Ovid, letters of Trajan and Pliny, fables of Phaedrus, and poems of Catullus and Horace.
 
Prerequisite: Latin 2

Latin 4 Honors (1 year/1.0 unit)

The review of grammar, forms and conditional sentences and further work in indirect speech will accompany readings in such authors as Ovid, Vergil, Phaedrus, Catullus, Cicero, and Livy. After the completion of the Cambridge material, students will read further in Eutropius and Nepos and, depending on interest, students will begin reading either Caesar’s De Bello Gallico, or Vergil’s Aeneid.
 
Prerequisite: Latin 3 CP or Honors

AP Latin (1 year/1.0 unit)

This course focuses on the in-depth study of selections from two of the greatest works in Latin literature: Vergil’s Aeneid and Caesar’s Gallic War. The course requires students to prepare and translate the readings and place these texts in a meaningful context, which helps develop critical, historical, and literary sensitivities. Throughout the course, students consider themes in the context of ancient literature and bring these works to life through classroom discussions, debates, and presentations. Additional English readings from both of these works help place the Latin readings in a significant context.
 
Prerequisite: Latin 3 Honors with departmental approval or Latin 4 Honors